Neurodiversity is a concept that acknowledges the natural variation in the human brain and recognizes that neurological differences, such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and others, are part of the normal range of human diversity. It is a way of thinking that promotes the understanding and acceptance of people with neurological differences as valued members of society who have unique strengths, skills, and perspectives.
Rather than viewing neurodivergent individuals as "broken" or "disordered," the neurodiversity movement emphasises that these differences should be respected and accommodated, and that individuals with neurological differences should have equal access to opportunities and support.
Neurodiversity also encourages a shift away from a medical model of disability towards a social model that recognises that the barriers faced by neurodivergent individuals are often caused by societal attitudes, systems, and structures, rather than by the individual's neurology. Overall, neurodiversity promotes the idea that neurological differences should be celebrated and valued, rather than stigmatised or pathologized.